WHAT IF YOU CANNOT ACCESS THE INTERNET IN THE SURVEILLANCE SOCIETY? INDIVIDUALS’ PERCEPTIONS RELATED TO THE INTERNET CENSORSHIP AND SURVEILLANCE IN TURKEY

Burcu Selin Yılmaz, Hümeyra Doğru, Volkan Bahçeci

Abstract


Widespread usage of the Internet services in all over the world has resulted in implementation of the Internet censorship -restrictions on what can be publicized or viewed on the Internet- and the surveillance society in many countries. The Internet access restrictions and censorship are being used by some governments to control and suppress individuals’ sharing and reaching information on the Internet. In this study, following a theoretical discussion based on the review of relevant literature, individuals' perceptions related to the Internet censorship in Turkey is demonstrated based on a qualitative research in the form of semi-structured interviews. The findings of the study revealed that the Internet censorship is considered as a major obstacle restricting individuals’ freedom of getting information, sharing their opinions and communicating with others. Furthermore, internet users implement self-censorship while posting their opinions about especially political issues since they feel fear, anxiety and pressure stemming from restrictions and surveillance.


Keywords


Internet Censorship, Freedom of Speech, Online Communication, Internet Access, The Surveillance Society

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17349/jmc117306

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