Gulsum Calisir


Element of violence which was seen almost every day in all media but in no way could be prevented is reflecting a bitter side of life. Today that we called age of information, technology rapidly improved, and thanks to this there found solutions for a lot of matters, we are unfortunately are living violence more heavy day by day. Consequently, elements of violence lived are taking part in television and computer screens, and magazine and newspaper pages. Although it is an un approved and unwanted matter of fact, violences existing in life is keeping this phenomenon fresh in medias agenda.

It is known that there executed researches and studies about in what direction violence was presented in almost all units of media organs. In this study, how violence was used on Facebook that was used especially among young ones in last ten years and had high popularity had been searched. With this aim, a focus group study had been executed in November 2015 on university students. Information that representation of violence was done over Facebook had been obtained in the study. Violence done over Facebook is conceiving alienation, polarization and hate together with itself. As a consequence, shares done through Facebook can last with very close friends erasing each other from their personal Facebook pages in time, and this situation is called as violence.


Media, Violence, Social Media, Facebook, Focus Group Study.

Full Text:



Akçay, Habibe (2011). “Kullan?mlar ve Doyumlar Yakla??m? Ba?lam?nda Sosyal Medya Kullan?m?: Gümü?hane Üniversitesi Üzerine Bir Ara?t?rma”, Journal of Communication Theory and Research, Autumn, Issue: 33, p. 137-162.

Alternative Informatics Association (2013). “2013 Report State of Internet in Turkey” http://www.alternatifbilisim.org/wiki/T%C3%BCrkiye%27de_%C4%B0nternet%27in_2013_Durumu Access Date: 12 November 2015.

Ayan, Sezen (2006). “?iddet ve Fanatizm”, C. U. Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Volume: 7, Issue: 2, p. 191-209.

Balta Pelteko?lu, Filiz (2012). “Sosyal Medya-Sosyal De?i?im”, Sosyal Medya-Akademi, ?leti?im-Pazarlama ?leti?imi-A? Toplumu-Teknoloji, (Editors: Tolga Kara and Ebru Özgen), ?stanbul: Beta Publishing, p. 3-20.

Bowling, A. (2002). Research Methods in Health: Investigating Health and Health Services, Philadelphia, PA: McGraw-Hill House.

Bulunmaz, Bar?? (2014). “New World Created by Social Media: Transmedia Storytelling”, Journal of Media Critiques JMC, Social Media and Network Society – I: Changes in Mass CommunicationSpecial Issue 1.

Correa, Teresa; Willard Hinsley, Amber; Gil de Zúñiga, Homero (2010). “Who Interacts on the Web?: The Intersection of Users’ Personality and Social Media Use”, Computers in Human Behavior, 26, p. 247-253, journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/comphumbeh.

Çal???r, Gülsüm (2015). “Ki?ileraras? ?leti?imde Kullan?lan Bir Araç Olarak Sosyal Medya: Gümü?hane Üniversitesi ?leti?im Fakültesi Ö?rencilerine Yönelik Bir Ara?t?rma”, E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, NWSA Humanities Sciences, Cilt: 10, Say?: 3, ss. 115-144, ISSN: 1306-3111/1308-7320, http://dx.doi.org/10.12739/NWSA.2015.10. 3.4C0197.

Çelebi, Aykut (2010). ?iddetin Ele?tirisi Üzerine, ?stanbul: Metis Publishing.

Çokluk, Ömay; Y?lmaz, Kür?ad and O?uz, Ebru (2011). “Nitel Bir Görü?me Yöntemi: Odak Grup Görü?mesi”, Journal of Theoritic Pedagogy, Volume: 4, Issue: 1, p. 95-107, www.keg.aku.edu.tr.

Dal, Nil Esra and Dal, Veysel (2014). “Ki?ilik Özellikleri ve Sosyal A? Sitesi Kullan?m Al??kanl?klar?: Üniversite Ö?rencileri Üzerine Bir Ara?t?rma”, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, Volume: 6, Issue: 11, p. 144-162.

De Choudhury, Munmun and others (2010). “Inferring Relevant Social Networks from Interpersonal Communication”, Copyright is held by the International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2). WWW 2010, April 26–30, 2010, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA, ACM 978-1-60558-799-8/10/04.

Dursun, Yücel (2011). “?iddetin ?zini Sürmek: ?iddet Nedir?”, Journal of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Autumn, Issue: 12, p. 1-18. http://www.flsfdergisi.com/sayi12/1-18.pdf Access Date: 12 October 2015.

Eyrich, Nina; Padman, Monica L.; Sweetser, Kaye D. (2008). “PR Practitioners’ Use of Social Media Tools and Communication Technology, Public Relations Review, 34, p. 412-414.

Fischer, Eileen and Reuber, A. Rebecca (2011), “Social Interaction Via New Social Media: (How) Can Interactions on Twitter Affect Effectual Thinking and Behavior?”, Journal of Business Venturing, 26, p. 1-18.

Göker, Göksel (2015). “?leti?imin McDonaldla?mas?: Sosyla Medya Üzerine Bir ?nceleme”, Turkish Studies - International Periodical for the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic Volume 10/2 Winter 2015, p. 389-410.

Gönenli, Gül?ah and Hürmeriç, Pelin (2012). “Sosyal Medya: Bir Alan Çal??mas? Olarak Facebook Kullan?m?”, Sosyal Medya-Akademi, ?leti?im-Pazarlama ?leti?imi-A? Toplumu-Teknoloji, (Editors: Tolga Kara-Ebru Özgen), ?stanbul: Beta Publishing, p. 213-242.

?nceo?lu, Yasemin (2015). Backyard programme,

http://www.yasemininceoglu.com/default.aspx?cat=7 Access Date: 12 November 2015.

Kaplan, Andreas M. and Haenlein, Michaenlein (2010). “Users of the World, Unite! The Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media”, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Business Horizons, 53, p. 59-68.

Kietzmann, Jan H.; Hermkens, Kristopher; McCarthy, Ian P.; Silvestre, Bruno S. (2011). “Social Media? Get Serious! Understanding the Functional Building Blocks of Social Media”, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Business Horizons, 54, p. 241-251.

Krueger, Richard A. (1994). Focus Groups: A Practical Guide For Applied Research, London: SAGE.

Marangoz, Ye?ilda?, Ar?kan Salt?k (2012). E-Ticaret ??letmelerin Web Sosyal A? Sitelerinin ?çerik Analizi Yöntemiyle ?ncelenmesi”, IUYD, 3/2, p. 53-78.

Myfield, Antony (2008). What Is Social Media?, An e-book by Antony Myfield from iCrossing, Updated: 01.08.08. http://www.slideshare.net/ngmkt/what-is-socialmediaicrossingebook-5344392 Access Date: 13 October 2015.

Nefret Söylemleri ve Nefret Suçlar? ?zleme Raporu - Hate Expressions and Hate Guilts Follow UpReport (2013). http://www.ihad.org.tr/file/reports/2013/2013%20NSraporu.pdf Access Date: 13 November 2015.

Otrar, Mustafa and Arg?n, Ferhat Süleyman (2014). “Ö?rencilerin Sosyal Medyaya ?li?kin Tutumlar?n?n Kullan?m Al??kanl?klar? Ba?lam?nda ?ncelenmesi”, Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, Volume: 3, Issue: 3, Article No: 1, p. 1-13.

Ögel, Kültegin; Tar?, It?r; Y?mazçetin Eke, Ceyda (2006). Okullarda Suç ve ?iddeti Önleme, ?stanbul: Yeniden Publishing.

Özer, Ömer (2010). “?iddet Olaylar?na ?li?kin Haberlerin Üretimi: Ankara’daki Polis-Adliye Muhabirlerinin Görü?leri”, Medyada ?iddet Kültürü, (Editor: Ömer Özer), ?stanbul: Literatürk, ss. 61-119.

Özer, Ömer (2010). Medyada ?iddet Kültürü, (Editor: Ömer Özer), ?stanbul: Literatürk.

Pempek, Tiffany A., Yermolayeva, Yevdokiya. A. and Calvert, Sandra. L., (2009). “College Students’ Social Networking Experiences on Facebook,” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 2009, p. 227–238.

Social Media (2015). Welcome to The Beginner's Guide to Social Media! http://d2eeipcrcdle6.cloudfront.net/guides/beginners_guide_to_social_media.pdf

Access Date: 17 October 2015.

Taylor, Hannah (2012). Social Media for Social Change, Using the Internet to Tackle Intolerance, Action Research Report, Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

T.C. Ba?bakanl?k Kad?n Strateji Genel Müdürlü?ü (2009). Türkiye’de Kad?na Yönelik Aile ?çi ?iddet, Ankara: Public Sector, Hacettepe University Institute of Population Researches, BNB Consulting.

Ustakara, Fuat and Türko?lu, Emir (2015). “Y Ku?a??n?n Bir Gözetim Mekanizmas? Olarak Sosyal A?lar Üzerine Alg?s?: Gaziantep Üniversitesi Ara?t?rmas?”, TURKISH STUDIES -International Periodical for the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic, Volume 10/10 Summer 2015, p. 939-958.

Yegen, Ceren (2013). “Demokratik ve Yeni Kamusal Alan Olarak Sosyal Medya”, Mu? Alparslan University Social Sciences Journal, Volume: 1, Issue: 2, p. 119-135.

Y?ld?r?m, Ali and ?im?ek, Hasan (2004). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Ara?t?rma Yöntemleri, 4th Edition, Ankara: Seçkin Publishing.

Xiang, Zheng and Gretzel, Ulrike (2010). “Role of Social Media in Online Travel Information Search”, Tourism Management, 31, p. 179–188. journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/tourman.

https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anomi Access Date: 13 November 2015.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17349/jmc115302


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Media Critiques [JMC]